Iran Parameter Framework Deal

EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif announce the terms of the nuclear deal.

EU Foreign Policy Chief Federica Mogherini and Iranian Foreign Minister 
Mohammad Javad Zarif announce the terms of the nuclear deal.

by Jay Alpert

Last week a framework for a deal was finally announced by the negotiating world powers which laid the groundwork for a comprehensive nuclear deal with Iran in exchange for relief from many of the crippling sanctions affecting Iran’s economy. Throughout the past year and a half the P5+1 and Iran have struggled to come to terms with uranium enrichment within the country. Before the breakthrough in talks, there was a turbulent period of negotiations where Iran has not complied with issued regulations and a clear deal had not been reached.

In response to the framework agreement Iran said that they would comply with United Nations inspectors to ensure that their practices are carried out by the standards by which they have been agreed to. The United States Department of State released the details of the deal, which include Iran ceasing from building new facilities for the next 15 years, reducing centrifuges, granting access to inspectors for 20+ years, prohibiting enrichment of uranium above 3.67% and sanctions will be placed by the US for terrorism and various human rights concerns.

While Iranians see this as a beacon for economic opportunity, it should come as no surprise that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was hesitant to accept this deal. The prime minister told CNN, “I think there is a third alternative, and that is standing firm, ratcheting up the pressure until you get a better deal.” Netanyahu has been cautiously optimistic regarding set plans with Iran. Likewise, he echoed this message throughout his campaign to his own nation as well as a plea to the US.

The United States has consistently accepted Iran as suspect for mistrust, whereas they have not complied with sanctions in past years. Their behavior proves this from them being the largest state sponsor of terrorism, jailing U.S. journalists, making death to America chants and saying, “Israel’s destruction is non negotiable.” Without reason to trust in the Iranian government, this may lead to uproar within the entirety of the Middle Eastern community and beyond in to other uneasy nations. Iran has in the past rejected inspectors from viewing their nuclear reactors, and with a history of corruption in leadership this will not be a combination for trust and success.

The lurking player here still seems to be Russia. In 2014 they struck a deal with Iran to construct eight reactors. With Putin being behind this and the US pressuring his country’s newly constructed project, there is sure to be difficulties that could intensify from this. Moscow and Washington DC have seen a strained relationship coming in to 2015 that has the potential for conflict given further sanctions on Russian affairs. The main concern however remains Crimea, whereas so long as it is a Russian entity, there will be tension between the two countries. The US also opposes Russia in respect to the Syrian civil war.

Regardless of these complications, President Obama seems optimistic that this will serve as solid groundwork for future plans. He noted that he commends bipartisanship expressed by congress in the process of which he seems optimistic that they will continue to cooperate when this deal ultimately resurfaces in June.

In two months Netanyahu will be pressuring the United Nations as well as the United States congress for a lasting deal that ensures the security of the Israeli people. While the Obama administration seems sanguine about the future of Iran, there is still concern for their compliance throughout the next 15 years with government turn over. Until then, the world has its eyes on Iran and how it chooses to value its agreement. The word “framework” seems to be indubitably appropriate as this is only the commencement of future resolutions obsequious to Iran’s terms.

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